Tag Archives: TCS iON

Mastering Computer-Based Tests

Seven Handpicked Best Practices for Candidates

A computer-based test or CBT, in simple terms, means taking a test on a computer instead of paper. Instead of using a paper and pen, one uses a keyboard and mouse to answer questions appearing on the computer monitor. Many major and high-stakes examinations in India like the JEE Mains, CAT and BITSAT have decided to go the CBT way.

The switch from paper to computers for assessments is not entirely surprising, given the surge of technology in almost every sphere of education. However, this method has attracted mixed responses from the candidate community. A lot of them still feel apprehensive and jittery about making the switch and prefer to take the paper-based assessments.

Let us put you at rest by sharing the top seven best practices for students taking computer-based tests:

Before the assessment:

  • Online Mock Assessments: Most of the high-stakes examinations are taken by either people pursuing full-time graduation courses or working professionals. They can’t go to physical examination centers to take mock tests. So online mock assessments allow them the flexibility to prepare for tests at their convenience. Another advantage is picking up a lot of crucial test skills like time management, familiarity with exam patterns and marking criteria, answering strategies, and knowing the probable questions. Lastly, mock assessments provide instant feedback and detailed analysis, which helps test takers rectify their errors and prepare accordingly.
  • Time Management: Many candidates either take on too much pressure while mastering this strategy or too little. The idea is not to stress yourself and focus on achieving smaller goals. The initial goal while writing a mock test could be to try and attempt all the questions without keeping a timer. Once you become familiar with the questions, pattern, and answering strategies, start timing yourself. In the beginning, note the time you take. Subsequently, with each test, try and reduce the time you take by small margins while also observing how much time you require on each section of the test. By the final round of mock tests, attempt to have at least 15 minutes of your total time to check, and revisit your entire exam or sections.
  • Calming your nerves before a test: Test anxiety is something that candidates across age groups go through. Speaking to peers and seniors before an upcoming test helps in multiple ways. It allows candidates to double-check any uncertainties that they might have and find solutions through collaboration. This gives them more confidence and calms their nerves before a high stakes test. The discussion also brings up various nuances and tips from the seniors and peers that the candidate might not have thought of earlier.

On the day of the assessment:

  • Arriving early at the exam center: Arriving early at the exam center has two significant benefits. First, it allows you to complete all the entry formalities in a calm and organized manner before most other candidates. Secondly, the extra time will enable one to de-stress and familiarize themselves with the exam center – the seating arrangements, testing digital equipment like the computer, mouse, keyboard, and earphones, and checking the water and restroom facilities.
  • Reading “Instructions for Candidates”: A lot of candidates may feel that they might save time by skipping reading the instructions and use that time for answering questions instead. But a lot of them don’t know that the “reading instructions” time is given in addition to the assessment time. These instructions also have some crucial points that the mock tests might not have covered or might be specific to the test center. Some exams have now also started having invigilators read out the instructions aloud to all the test-takers so that everyone has the same experience while taking the test.
  • Answering section-wise assessments: Certain assessments do not have any stipulated time attached to each section. They also do not have any designated order in which a candidate should solve the sections. This allows candidates to switch between sections freely. If you are taking such an exam, use this advantage to go through all the questions before answering, check their difficulty level, and plan your answering strategy accordingly.
  • “Mark for Review” option: This feature allows candidates to flag specific questions and revisit them later. This option might be used in various scenarios, some of which are: the question is confusing or difficult, the answer might take time, one isn’t sure of the response and doesn’t want to spend too much time recalling it. Once the candidate marks the question/s for review, it is marked in a different color, so that it is easier for them to revisit it later.

We hope that the above best practices will help you prepare for your assessments in an organized and effective manner and make you calmer on the day of the assessment.

Explore more: TCS iON

Skilling Gen Z beyond Classrooms

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Venguswamy Ramaswamy discusses how TCS iON is preparing the ‘gems of tomorrow’ as ‘nation builders of the future’ by equipping students with skills beyond just academics.

In this 21st century, students are expected to constantly prove their mettle by navigating through more skills, capabilities and competition. Much of what students typically learn in schools today will no longer be relevant by the time they graduate from college. A recent Oxford University study found that 47 percent of today’s jobs will be eliminated over the next 20 years! Now consider this — most schools across our country are still largely focused on rote learning with very little input on the additional skills required to survive in this increasingly complex, competitive and rapidly changing world. The future is beyond academics just as careers are beyond the conventional ones.

SKILLS FOR THE FUTURE

In a society where routine jobs are getting increasingly automated, the best way to prepare for the future is to develop the ability to continuously learn, adapt and be flexible. Educators, academic researchers and policymakers agree that for today’s learners, 21st century skills such as creativity, curiosity, perseverance, adaptability, critical thinking, effective communication, collaboration and lifelong learning are more important than ever before.

With a vision to help schools and students across the country gain a strong understanding of these much-acclaimed 21st century skills, TCS iON has created IntelliGem — a first-of-its-kind meta-academic platform set in a unique contest mode. The goal of this national-level contest is to ignite a spark among educators and young minds and push the boundaries of growth beyond the school curriculum.

EQUIPPING STUDENTS FOR THE DIGITAL AGE

The topics covered in the IntelliGem contest are financial literacy, communication skills, creativity and innovation, global citizenship and universal values. These have been carefully chosen to give the necessary exposure to students during their formative (school) years. The jobs of the future will depend on human collaboration to design work for machines. Value is moving from cognitive skills to social skills. In the past, schoolwork was assessed on individual accomplishment. Today, teamwork and collaboration have become an important key to success.

A century ago, most scientific research was written by single authors; by the 1950s, it changed to co-authorship as the norm. Today, an average paper has four times as many authors as it did a century ago. Also, academic research is far more interdisciplinary, and is often conducted across greater physical distances than it was in the past. To co-ordinate all that activity and keep everyone focused on delivering a specific, high-quality experience, communication must be clear and coherent. Skills in collaboration will increasingly give a competitive advantage.

Routine jobs are the ones that are being replaced by automation. However, jobs requiring skills such as creativity, innovation, compassion and empathy are those, which are unlikely to be taken over by machines. The absence of empathy makes it difficult for machines to do what humans have excelled in — designing products or processes that will maximise utility for humans. Thus, design and creative skills are likely to be in high demand for decades to come.

INTELLIGEM PAVING THE PATH

Students from grades 5 to 9 from all over India can participate in TCS iON IntelliGem, which is conducted every year. In its second edition, which is underway, students from 100+ towns across the country are competing. Structured as a four-round contest moving from digital, phygital, to face-to-face rounds, IntelliGem is unique in every way — be it in using the patented TCS iON PAPERTM device to completely remove the need for printed paper or in providing digital learning content free of cost. The Teachers Network in the TCS iON Digital Hub platform significantly enhances ease of access for both students and teachers to learn and upgrade their skills, and thus keep up with the values of respecting the efforts of all the young student finalists and not just the winner and runners-up as it usually happens at contests with similar formats.

With initiatives like IntelliGem, TCS iON is well positioned to become a strong partner for the school education ecosystem.

Source –https://tatareview.tataworld.com/

Everything You Need to Know About Adaptive Testing

What is Adaptive Testing?

Adaptive Testing, also known as Computerized Adaptive Testing or Tailored Testing, is a method of using algorithms and machine learning to make tests more optimal, effective, and efficient. 

Every time a candidate answers a question, the test analyses the response and based on it, decides the difficulty level of the next question. The test, with each response, also determines the number of questions required to assess the mastery level of the candidate. 

At the beginning of the test, a candidate will start with a medium difficulty question. If he/she answers it correctly, the next question will be more difficult, or easier if answered incorrectly. Adaptive tests do not have a fixed number of questions; they end when the termination criterion is met, which means that as soon as the test has determined the ability of the test taker and has marked him/her accordingly, it ends.

Advantages of Adaptive Testing

  • Accurate scoring: Data collected for standard paper-pencil tests over the years shows that they provide the best precision for only medium-ability test takers. Test takers with extreme abilities are the most affected. In contrast, adaptive testing is fairer because the test designer has customized control over score precision for each test taker. Hence, it is said to be more precise from a psychometric point of view.
  • Increased psychometric efficiency: Similar to pedagogy, it is tough to engage and analyse high ability examinees with extremely trivial questions and lower ability examinees with difficult questions. Adaptive testing doesn’t administer such questions, significantly reducing the number of questions required to test a candidate. As a result, the amount of time needed to test each candidate optimally is reduced substantially. The seat time savings cost can be between 50 to 90 per cent. In addition to time being saved, it also increases candidate engagement. A higher ability candidate will not have to waste any time solving easy questions and can concentrate all his mental energy on the questions specially designed for him/her without ever feeling bored.
  • Security: Since each candidate receives a unique set of questions, there is very little chance of cheating. Even in the case of re-examination, candidates are given a different set of questions from the question bank.
  • Cost: Adaptive tests use a technology called Item Response Theory (IRT) for the design process. IRT is a way to analyze responses to questions to improve both accuracy and reliability. While investigating a candidate’s responses, IRT looks at not only the number of correct answers the candidate has answered but also the level of difficulty of those questions. The SAT and GRE both use IRT for their tests.

IRT is used to convert adaptive tests from fixed-length tests to variable lengths. This means tests can be finished in lesser time, with lesser number of questions, and with higher accuracy. Test time can be cut down to as much as half, leading to a substantial decrease in costs.

Although the engagement and uniqueness of questions provided to test takers are high, it isn’t straightforward for them to complete a timed test. If a person with high ability ends up spending too much time on one difficult question, he/she will not be able to keep aside enough time for the next set of questions and will end up handing over an incomplete answer sheet. An untimed adaptive test is also a tough option for high-stakes summative assessments for aptitude jobs.

In conclusion, adaptive testing is beneficial for both students and instructors. Students get a chance to personalize their learning experience, be responsible for setting their own pace and identify their problem areas. As for the instructors, it is easier for them to work in mixed-ability large classrooms, make better instruction plans for students, and make optimum use of the classroom time and resources.

Explore more at: TCS iON

Do You Want to Reimagine Education for Generation Z? Do it with AI!

Computers will overtake humans with AI within the next 100 years. When that happens, we need to make sure the computers have goals aligned with ours. – Stephen Hawking

This quote often scares humans instead of inspiring us to do all that is possible to combine human forces with AI. How AI can change things in every field existing today is unimaginable. It can have a tremendous impact, especially in the education system. AI can be used by educators to deepen their impact in the classrooms and create meaningful and personalised academic experiences. 

Let’s look at a few spaces where the presence of artificially intelligent tools is changing the game.

Assessments

  • Exam Fraud Detection:

To combat the increasing problem of exam fraud, universities have started using facial recognition systems to create biometric profiles of candidates and then match them with photos taken during exams. This technology is also used to monitor students via webcam during online or remotely proctored examinations. 

Exam fraud exists even at the marking stage. To authenticate the identity of the markers, the face recognition system is used similarly. Another advantage of AI-enabled remote marking is the highly effective allocation of marking assessment – if a student in Japan has written an English exam, the evaluation can be easily allocated to a person situated in an English speaking country. The assessment can be quickly evaluated; results uploaded, leading to on-time announcement of exam results.

  • Energy Management of Test Centres: 

When a critical state or nation-wide examinations are being conducted, efficient real-time exam management is vital. TCS iON’s Command Centre has a unique Energy Management Solution whose sensors collect data in the real-time and the temperature of servers and UPS rooms . This translates into real-time monitoring and data analytics for preventing any future mishaps and maintaining them beforehand. Such measures help in ensuring that the exam is not disrupted due to power failures or similar issues.

Learning:

India’s primary school enrolment rates are at an impressive 94%. This number, however, soon starts to look disappointing when we search for the dropout rates. The dropout rate moves to a staggering 20% by the time children move to the higher secondary school.

This number is a very poor indicator of the quality of education the students are receiving. Technology is making waves and changing lives in sectors like medicine, banking, energy and so on. But the one industry which would benefit the most would be education.

Personalised Learning:

Imagine if all the 94% enrolled students got a chance to pursue their education in a personalised manner, learn at their own pace, and give customised examinations. Artificial intelligence has the power to create this kind of learning environment for millions of students, which in turn can solve a lot of more significant problems like student motivation, pressure on teachers to attend to each child, and dropout rates of students. It even leaves time on teachers’ hands to attend to bigger goals like research or even pursue leadership roles.

Mental Health:

With the increasing amount of pressure and work in student courses, the number of counsellors are just not enough to manage the mental health cases. Some universities have started using AI-enabled chatbots to learn about student emotions and execute “intelligent mood tracking”. These chatbots, of course, cannot function in isolation, but when combined with human intelligence, a lot of the constant wait time to see counsellors could be reduced leading to decreased stress levels and increased student motivation.

Campus Management:

To increase student engagement levels and have higher student satisfaction rates, a lot of university campuses are devising ways to automate operations with the help of AI:

  • Chatbots:

Chat and voice bots are being used to offer round-the-clock support to resolve numerous IT issues related to devices, network connectivity, password resetting, or resolve frequently asked queries. In addition to the support being round-the-clock, the chatbots can handle multiple users at the same time, the resolution rates are much faster, and the implementation and maintenance costs are low.

  • AI-enabled attendance marking:

Schools and universities around the world have started using AI to make mundane administrative tasks easier to execute. Teachers in a classroom have to click a picture of their entire present class and the system, using facial recognition marks the attendance for that day.

  • Recognising Student Emotions:

Virtual classroom platforms can now realise how students are responding to lectures. It not only detects whether students are awake or sleeping but also tracks their emotions. This gives educators a firm idea of how engaging their lectures are and allows them to make changes accordingly.

The above ideas are only a few areas where AI is being used. The impact will continue to grow in the coming years with all the stakeholders in the education system – students, teachers, school leaders, and parents being affected positively.

To know more, visit: www.tcsion.com

Education Aligns Itself to 21st Century Needs

Rote Learning on the Decline as Meaningful Experiences Take Over

“Education is learning what you didn’t even know you didn’t know.” These words by Daniel J. Boorstin will make you pause and ponder. Formal education as a tool for information exchange has been in existence since the ancient Roman and Greek civilizations. Education was founded as an act of preserving ancient knowledge, which could be passed down the generations. With the digital boom, preservation is no more a concern. The current trend is to give learners the opportunity to gain experiences and deeply connect with the subject matter on hand.

Rote learning and unsupervised memorization is slowly fading, while educators move towards more long lasting methods to increase learner engagement. Since digitalization has brought the world closer, there are many parallel learning methods, which have been adopted in recent times. Let’s take a look at some of the current trending methods in education.

Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR and VR)

Technologies that can stimulate your senses and give you a surreal experience, augmented and virtual realities came into focus when the gaming world introduced them. In the education sector, AR/VR helps users grasp concepts better because it works on activating one’s senses. Research has also proved that concepts learnt via sensory learning methods stay longer with the learner. Wouldn’t it be better if you can experience the Amazonian forest first hand rather than learning through pictures? Virtual reality makes this a possibility.

Gamification

Children running around in a park, kicking a ball and squealing; sounds old school? Gaming consoles, PlayStations and arcade games have taken over the millennial mind. In a bid to make learning more engaging and enjoyable, gamification of learning is one of the latest trends. Subjects and lesson plans have been converted to video game format so as to make it more relatable to the end user. The sensory stimulation adds value and helps with retention of concepts. Students are much more receptive to instructions once the mentor manages to capture their attention via gamification.

Artificial Intelligence and Chatbots

Traditional learning methods did not allow for 24/7 communication between learner and teacher. However, the emergence of AI and Chatbots makes this possible. Students can now instantly reach out to teachers and vice versa. Apart from communication, AI also helps with various administrative functions such as assessments, online tests and faster feedback. Chatbots help solve student queries real time and also provide information on demand. This promotes continuous learning and ensures that students have access at any given time.

Internet of Things

As with other industries, Internet of Things has made an impact in the education sector as well. Worldwide connectivity enables students to connect globally with peers, experts and educators from their classrooms. Textbooks have been upgraded to devices, and students can now work on assignments and submit them via their devices. It also encourages collaborative work and efficient use of time. Data can be collected and analysed at a faster pace thereby saving on tedious manual work. Efforts are channelized towards learning while mundane tasks can be handled digitally.

Blended Learning

Technology may be on the rise, but there is no denying the importance of human communication. Social interactions, group discussions, one on one sessions and, exchanging ideas form a major part of personality development. Blended learning combines the concept of traditional learning with technology to give learners a more holistic and comprehensive set up. In this method, lesson plans and study material are available online, but students also have the advantage of a subject-specific instructor taking them through all the concepts in detail.

Flipped Classrooms

On the other hand, flipped classrooms indicate a learning method where instructions are delivered via online sources, while assignments which are considered ‘homework’ are brought into the classroom. Students get the chance to collaborate both online and offline, thereby covering the complete spectrum of the subject matter. The mentor or instructor acts as a guide to aid stimulating discussions and provide guidance on concepts. Flipped classrooms move away from the single instructor concept where the teacher is the main focus to a more multi-tool instructional design. 

Bite-sized Learning

Given the wave of information that’s available around us, Bite-sized Learning is the perfect antidote to it. Relying on little bites of information, it works on the notion that the human brain can absorb and retain information that comes to it in small size nuggets. This sort of micro learning method proves effective when dealing with complex ideas and formulae. Having worked splendidly in the corporate training sector, education is also slowly adopting this method to draw learners and keep them interested for longer durations.

Lifelong Learning

Philosophically speaking we are all learners for life. As we age, the pace at which we make new experiences may differ, but human brains are sponges that are waiting to soak up as much information as possible. Lifelong learning works on the idea that continuous upgradation of one’s skills is necessary in today’s world. It removes the restrictive age limit completely, enables learners to understand where they lack and provides them with the opportunity to upskill at any given point in life.

All these learning methods prove that “one size fits all” is not the ideal way to go. With so many options available in the sector, learners can choose which method suits their abilities to help them be effective learners. A win-win situation for all!

For more information, visit : LifeLong Learning

TCS iON IntelliGem to Help School Students Build 21st Century Skills

Mumbai: Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) (BSE: 532540, NSE: TCS), a leading global IT services, consulting and business solutions organization, announced that it is now accepting registrations for the second edition of TCS iON IntelliGem, a national-level contest for students in class 5 to 9.

TCS iON IntelliGem, which is structured as a test, helps young learners develop 21st century skills in five areas – Creativity and Innovation, Communication, Financial Literacy, Universal Values, and Global Citizenship.

Students who clear the qualifying round of proctored computer-based tests will compete in the City Round and Pre-Finals, and then the Grand Finale. This final test, to be held in Mumbai, will put them through buzzer rounds and one-to-ones with an expert panel. Registrations are accepted only through schools and are open till September 20, 2019.

Top students and schools stand to win exciting rewards including cash prizes, new age toys, leadership training, trophies, medals, and certificates. They will also get an opportunity to visit esteemed educational institutions and connect with industry stalwarts. The top performing schools will receive School Excellence Awards and gain national recognition.

As part of TCS iON’s LifeLong Learning initiative, participants of the contest will have free access to digital learning content that will help them prepare for the contest. Moreover, teachers from all the participating schools will get access to the TCS iON Teachers’ Network that hosts a vast pool of learning resources.

Venguswamy Ramaswamy, Global Head, TCS iON, said, “In the 21st century, students are expected to constantly prove their mettle in skills such as creativity, adaptability, critical thinking and effective communication. IntelliGem has been conceptualized with the vision to nurture the ‘gems of tomorrow’ and inspire students to learn skills beyond academics, to stay ahead of the curve. These skills have high value in the complex, globalized, and rapidly-changing digital world, and will help students succeed in future careers.”

The recently released Draft National Education Policy, also endorses the critical need to equip students with 21st century skills, early on. To help schools integrate these subjects into their curriculum, TCS is organizing conclaves for Principals and Educators in various Indian cities.

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-educationplus/tcs-ion-intelligem/article29256082.ece

https://indiaeducationdiary.in/tcs-ion-intelligem-help-school-students-build-21st-century-skills/

To know more visit: IntelliGem.TCSiON.com

JEE Main 2019: How does NTA secure the exam?

TCS-iON and NTA share inputs on how they have prepared to conduct the JEE Main exam – one of the biggest exam in engineering and the real test of the NTA (Source: NTA website)

TCS-iON and NTA share inputs on how they have prepared to conduct the JEE Main exam – one of the biggest exam in engineering and the real test of the NTA. From question paper setting, anti-cheating mechanism to automated evaluation, all that goes in the background of JEE Mains and other exams

JEE Main 2019: ‘Here is tomorrow’s question paper,’ any such claims are false as it is impossible to leak the exam set by the CBT system, claims Venguswamy Ramaswamy, global head, TCS iON. One of the biggest and most anticipated competitive exams in India, Joint Entrance Exam Main starts from January 8 and will be conducted by the newly constituted National Testing Agency (NTA) for the first time in computer-based testing (CBT) format.

Among the latest developments, the NTA has issued a special advisory for the frisking staff asking them to be more sensitive. “We have asked the frisking staff to be more sensitive, especially towards the female candidates,” NTA DG, Vineet Joshi told indianexpress.com.

Keeping in mind the UGC-NET controversies where two female students were not allowed to appear for the exam as they refused to remove their hijab, NTA has not issued any dress code. The dress code held importance considering this was the first time the exam was being conducted in the winters. Also, earlier there were reports that women were not allowed to wear ‘under-wired bras’ because of their metal content but Joshi clearly informed that no dress code is needed and the NTA has secured the centres well. Here is how the NTA and its partner will secure the JEE.

Firstly, what is CBT? According to the TCS-iON, the digital assessment wing of TCS, who will be conducting the exam has informed indianexpress.com. “In the CBT or computer-based testing format, the exam is conducted on a computer but not online. The question paper in an encrypted format reaches every exam centre and is decrypted only when the first ever candidate clicks the question paper. Which ensures that no one except the student has seen the final questions.” The CBT exam can also be called LAN-based exam.

How is question paper encrypted?: “A CBT exam is set online with help of a computer. Once the final question paper is decided, the answer keys and question papers are saved separately and encrypted in such a sophisticated manner that it would take more than one year for powerful computers to decrypt it,” informed Venguswamy Ramaswamy, Global Head, TCS iON.

How is a question paper set? The question paper setters create their respective question papers following the guidelines are given by the NTA. Each one of them submits respective question paper along with the answer key to the agency. The answers also have supportive source/books substantiating the same which could be used later. “All the questions are tagged with difficulty-level, subject and question’s author tag. Now based on directives by person(s) the computer will pick chose the questions. This system can be done completely automatically and also a person or group of persons can oversee based on the number of questions from certain chapter and number of questions from certain difficulty or time level,” informed Ramaswamy.

Talking to indianexpress.com, the NTA director general (DG), Vineet Joshi had informed, “A number of question paper setters are involved and the questions are selected by a psychometric test.”

He added, “If a question which is meant to be difficult for an average student is considered easy by many, then there is something wrong with the question. The psychometric test will eliminate all these anomalies.”

Once a question paper is set, it is encrypted there and then and is decrypted only when an authorised user attempts the exam at an allowed time.

How is the exam conducted? During the exam, every student biometrics and pictures are collected. According to NTA, a student will be able to mark attendance only by submitting a passport size picture (most recent), putting left thumb imprint and giving a signature on the sheet. This personal data is collected to eliminate any sort of disguised entry. The live-feed of cameras installed in the exam hall is given to city centres who are further monitored by state observers. NTA also broadcasts live feed from each exam centre in its headquarter where vigilantes observe every moment. The HRD Minister, Prakash Javadekar had witnessed the live feed during the third day of the UGC-NET exam.

During the exam, informed Ramaswamy, the computers are programmed to read cheating patterns such as too fast answering, too slow answering, two students taking similar time for answers or similar answers etc. Over 20+ cheating patterns have been recognised and the algorithm keeps on learning more.

Each time a cheating pattern is observed, an alert is sent to the exam observers. Additionally, the NTA has installed two invigilators per 30 students in the exam hall along with CCTV cameras.

How are seats allotted?: The exam centres, computers etc all are allotted through a randomised formula. The NTA informed that candidates are not allowed to choose their shifts or timings however they can send their top five centre option based on which a randomised selection process grants them the seat.

During the exam, the computer understands the IP addresses of the students and not only are the questions in their exams jumbled but also the number or placement of the answers. If the answer to Q1 is B in Ram’s exam then Ali might get the same question at the nth position and the right option can be placed at D option if he gets the same question at all.

How is exam evaluated?: As the exam gets over, all the answer sheets get collected to a common place all of which is encrypted and secured under ‘highly sophisticated’ servers. The computer matched the answer keys with the corresponding questions and the result and answer key is created which can be announced accordingly.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/education/this-is-how-nta-is-going-to-secure-the-jee-main-exam-5527458/